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History of Puang Rambulangi’

Puang Rambulangi’ is one of the ancestors of Puang Mamullu and Puang Tarongko. Puang Rambulangi’ is a pioneer and customary ruler, as well as the holder of the power of Takia’ Bassi and the warlord of the Kingdom of Datu Matampu’.

At that time in the northern part of South Sulawesi there were two kingdoms known by the people namely the Kingdom of Datu Matallo or the Kingdom of Luwu which was based in Palopo and the kingdom of Datu Matampu’ which was located in Tongkonan Layuk Deata Rano, Makale, Tana Toraja.

In those days actually the place called Makale was the area around Rante Kasimpo, Kamali’, Batupapan and developed in the Bombongan area which is now the center of Makale. When the Dutch entered Toraja and searched for a place for the government capital in Tana Toraja, they chose Makale and not Rantepao because Makale was considered to have been the center of the government of Datu Matampu’s kingdom so that the government was easier to control because the people were used to being regulated in the kingdom. Besides that, the royal inheritance in Makale at that time in the form of dry land and rice fields, was quite large so that it was easier to be arranged for use by the Dutch Government.

Puang Rambulangi’ according to historical data is also known as a tomanarang (intelligent) so he can control the government in the kingdom of Datu Matampu’. Puang Rambulangi’ occupies its tongs above the peak of Buntu Pangi in the Mandetek area, known as the Pollo’ Padang area.

Puang Rambulangi’ marries Puang Gonggang Tua (Dolo) and gives birth to five children, namely:

  1. Puang Rambulangi’ Tangnga (Puang Lando Inaa)
  2. Puang Pabiung
  3. Puang Kerang (mate malolle)
  4. Puang Lai’ Rambulangi’
  5. Puang Bambalangi’

The Datu Matampu Kingdom’ experienced rapid progress in the fields of economy, government and defense when it was led by Puang Payak Allo (Datu Matampu’), the son of Puang Messok, so that the Kingdom of Datu Matallo or the Kingdom of Luwu felt threatened and rivaled.

This caused Datu Kelali’ who at that time led the Luwu Kingdom to always find ways to weaken the kingdom of Datu Matampu’ by pitting sheep Puang Rambulangi’ as warlord with Datu Matampu’. This was proven after one of the children from Puang Rambulangi’ namely Puang Pabiung (second child) was killed by Puang Para’mak, son of Datu Matampu’, for fighting over a daughter from Puang Paetong from Mengkendek.

Some say that Datu Kelali’ played a role in this event because he wanted to destroy the kingdom of Datu Matampu’. With the existence of this murder, Puang Rambulangi’ demanded a customary settlement, but was rejected by Datu Matampu’. This caused Puang Rambulangi’ angry and gathered troops loyal to him and declared war against Datu Matampu’, so the first civil war broke out in Tana Toraja at that time known as rari tosangtaran lolo ma’pempissanna.

Because the strength of the forces of the two sides was rather balanced, a long war ensued. This was used by Datu Kelali’ from the Kingdom of Luwu to dominate the Kingdom of Datu Matampu’ by providing troops assistance to Puang Rambulangi’. Then came the Datu Kelali’ force to Tana Toraja, which was known among the Toraja people as the name ‘kelali troop ’, because the war hat used by the troops was in front of the head of a rooster and its wattle (wattle = lali’ (Toraja)) in red.

With the arrival of these troops, the war was not balanced anymore so that Datu Matampu’s forces could be defeated and power in the kingdom of Datu Matampu’ fell to Puang Rambulangi’. Puang Rambulangi’ moved the central government of the Datu Matampu’ Kingdom’ from Tongkonan Layuk Deata Rano to Tongkonan Layuk Pangi, in Mandetek. So starting at that time Tongkonan Layuk Pangi became the center of government and defense of the kingdom of Datu Matampu’.

Datu Matampu’ along with his family and accompanied by remnants of troops loyal to him, fled to the area of ​​Pitu Ulunna Salu and settled around Rante Bulawan, a place located around the border of Toraja, Mamasa, Pinrang / Mandar.

With the defeat of Datu Matampu’, Datu Kelali’ began planning to take control of Tana Toraja and planned to move the Kabarealloan and Kalindobulawan to the Kingdom of Luwu. Besides that, Datu Kelali’ began demanding booty, whose requirements were unreasonable and very difficult to fulfill.

He also plans to delete or eliminate the title of puang and datu from Tana Toraja. Because at that time there were two titles commonly used by nobles in Toraja namely the title of puang and the title of datu.

The title of puang is general, namely the title calling for all the descendants of the nobility, while the title of datu is special, which is only used for the call of nobles who have been appointed as leaders or kings in the Kingdom of Datu Matampu’.

With the arbitrary treatment of Datu Kelali’ and his desire to control Tana Toraja, Puang Rambulangi’ became angry and planned to expel the Datu Kelali’ forces from Tana Toraja. The plan was supported by Puang Pasallin (Palodang) from theTongkonan Layuk Kaero in Sangalla barge. To carry out this intention, Puang Rambulangi’ began to regroup the Datu Matampu’ royal forces’ which at the time of the civil war were divided and equipped with weapons of war.

After the war preparations were considered sufficient, the Puang Rambulangi’ was assisted by Puang Pasallin from the Tongkonan Layuk Kaero Sangalla’ announced war against the Datu Kelali’ forces so that a 7-year war broke out between Toraja and Luwu. Because the Puang Rambulangi’ and Puang Pasallin forces control the field and are supported by many people, the Datu Kelali’ forces can be pushed back to the border area between Sangalla’ and Luwu, which is the area around the Pangiu river.

Datu Kelali’ troops who received additional troops from Luwu began to survive around the border area which caused an all-out war which caused the deaths of hundreds of soldiers from both sides, resulting in an event known as landfill or pile / landfill where the bodies were buried soldiers who died in battle. Because at that time there were so many soldiers that they could no longer be buried one by one, so the bodies of the soldiers were only piled up with soil.

A new battle can be stopped after Puang Pagonggang from Batualu intervenes as a mediator by inviting both parties to hold peace. Puang Pagonggang is the father-in-law of Datu Kelali’ because one of his daughters, Puang Buni Salen, married Datu Kelali’, who has 3 children.

Peace can be carried out by holding a basse partnership, namely to raise a sacred oath by burying a male buffalo with a tekken langi’ horn (one horn drops down and one rises up).

With this peace, the following matters were agreed: the title of puang was still used by the Toraja aristocrats in the Tallu Lembangna area, but the title datu was abolished /abolished and only used in the Luwu aristocracy.

Similarly, the existence of Kabarealloan and Kalindobulawan is maintained in Toraja and Payung Ri Luwu will still be installed by one of the Puang Lakipadada descendants in tallu lembangna, namely from Basse Kakanna (Makale) or Basse Tangngana (Sangalla’) or Basse Adinna (Mengkendek).

Besides that, the Pantilang and Ranteballa regions are designated as buffer zones between Toraja and Luwu so that both parties cannot cross them to attack each other. That is why this agreement or basse is also called Basse Sangtempe’ (Bastem). With the agreement or basse, there was never a war between Toraja and Luwu since for fear of violating the stipulated basse.

Then after Puang Rambulangi’ died, he was replaced by his son, Puang Rambulangi’ Tangnga (first child) which was held by Puang Lando Inaa because he was smart and expert in war strategy.

One derivative of Puang Rambulangi’ Tangnga namely Puang Tumba’ Pakolean marries Puang Bitti Langi’ son from Puang Bullu Matua from Tongkonan Layuk Tarongko, Makale and gives birth to Puang Tiang Langi’ which is one of the ancestors of Puang Mamullu and Puang Tarongko.

Such is the brief curriculum vitae of Puang Rambulangi’ and its role in maintaining Tana Toraja from the invasion of the kingdom of Datu Matallo (Kingdom of Luwu).

Reference : 206

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