Menu Close

Gonggang ri Sado’ko’ | Legend of the ruler of mount Sado’ko’

Toraja language | English

Ia tonna tipamulanna disangabangri Gonggang, apa undinna disangamo Gonggang ri Sado’ko’ battuananna Puangna sia tounnissan padang dio Sado’ko’.

Ia tu attu iato buda bangpa tu tau manarang ma’dissan-dissan sia ma’guna-guna si ma’pakule-kule. Tangnga’bangmi, ia naden lamorai unniru’ wai kaluku mangngura tae’ naditeka’ apa ma’kada bangsiaki’ kumua “barakka’ doa bisa kumpayakum” na iatu kaluku sae tukku dio tu dinaninna ma’dokko nadiala tu banuanna.

Mount Sado’ko’ in Rembon sub-district

Gonggang ri Sado’ko’ inang to senga’ garaganna apa den duka tu kakuranganna belanna tae’ tu baine tu tolanasolan sipa’kada-kada lan katuoanna. Ia dukamote tu natangnga’bang lan kamammaranna apa ladipatumbai na tae’ tu bayu sangkalamma’na tu lanarampei kapa’ ba’tu lanasisolan tama pa’sullean allo.

Den pissan nasa’ding kalena lan penaanna kumua den balilembangna iamo tu dio misa’ lombok sikandappi’ misa’ liku dikasiri’ tu inan disanga Lo’ko’ Sumbing diong salu Sa’dan nanii torro misa’ datu baine untorroi kadatuan iamo tu kadatuan to’ mata wai. Datu iate disanga duka Marrin di Liku battuananna datu umpoissan kawaianna tu torro diong liku mandalan.

Iate Marrin di Liku susi duka Gonggang tae’pa muanena tu tolaumpate’tei sia laumpakaboro’i lan katuoanna. Jadi iate Gonggang to tuo do menggantananna, nayatu Marrin di Liku datu sia tuo diong to’ kawaiannna pada tosama dalle’na tolarempo kayu buangin pada laundaka’ bali tedongna tu tolaungkaboro’i, apa ladipatumbari …

Kemakaren-makaren iatu Gonggang mengkalao domai buntu Sado’ko’ male lako tanete Todoyang tu ma’din dipokada kumua inan nasibalai buntu Sado’ko’ na yatu liku nanai torro datu Marrin di Liku. Domai inan yato nanai Gonggang umpasalong matanna sia mentiro rokko liku dikasiri’ diong lipu’na salu Sa’dan.

Diong liku kadatuanna Marrin di Liku den duka ade’ buda pa’barang-barangan dolo susinna gayang, kandaure, lola’ sia sa’pi’ sia senga’-senga’napato tu budamo susinna naampui tosugi’ Toraya totemo.

Ia ade’ tonna dolonapa kedenni tu tomarapu umpogau’ sara’ susinna ma’bua’, napa’peindananbang tu eanan iate. Iate pake iate masai ade’ naindan tau belanna sipatonganpa tu tau lan tondok iato.

Apa susimo to, iatu to lino ma’inaa kadake belanna iatu pangindan lamorai mendadi apanna. Denmi pissan tu tomangindan tae’mi napasulei tu apanna ba’tu pangindanna lako datu. Susimoto kumua masaiomo, ma’bulanmo sia ma’taunmo tae’mi sae umpa’pekitanan illongna te tomangindan sae lako sengkemi tu datu sia noka’mo umpa’peindananni tu mintu’ apanna. Aparaya iate apa naindan tau tae’ naissanni te tounnindanni nasulekalena te apa, dadi inang senga’ tongan manarang sia senga’ garaganna te datu.

Mainawa-nawabangmi tu Gonggang naurungan susito demmo tu datu malapu’ nakamali’. Iatu penaanna susimoto tiangka’ langngan langi’ do madona namane sulerokko liku tu naninna Marrin di Liku misa’ datu kalle-kallean torro.

Dao tanete Todoyang ke makaren-makaren tontongbang tu Gonggang tiku’bi’-ku’bi’ pudukna mukkun mangngando sia massambayang langngan Totumampana den o upa’ kumua iatu datu nakailui umpabu’tu kalena moi anna sangrekkappidianri iabangri kumua lananei umpatosso mali’na. Aparaya belanna toma’penawa batu sia toma’kada misa napamalontonganmi lan penaanna kumua tae’ nalapallai sia tilele dio mai kao’koranna ketae’pi naappa’i tu nasanganna.

Yao te Marrin di Liku senga’ duka tu urratui sia memangngan. Lan kapa’inawa-nawanna nasa’ding kumua dao buntu Sado’ko’ den misa’ tobelang, muane maballo ungkamali’i lamorai umpobainei.

Apa iate Gonggang mukkunbang tangture umpokadai tu diona pa’dissan-dissanna tae’ nama’butti sia tae’ nama’tan tu penaanna sae lako mamma’ dio tu naninna ma’dokko. Lan kamammaranna mangimpi urrangngi gamara ma’bisik tangmasero dirangngi nakua den datu untarimai tu mali’na apa maneri labu’tu do to’ randan wai ke dipadenni tu kapemalaran dio biring liku. Tae’ bangsia napura tu gamara natike’kenmo diomai kamammaranna natikarai malimbangun.

Napa’de-pa’deimi tu matanna napemaseroi tu pentirona lako to’ liku nake’de’ sule langngan buntu Sado’ko’ laumpasakka’ mintu’na tu ladiangkaranna lan kapemalaranna dako’.

Narekenmi tu bulan melo sia patiro napamalesomi tu mintu’na bintoen do langi’. Ta’kala rampomi tu disanga allo melo ba’tu kulla’ mapea dadi anna tumengka male lako Lo’ko’ Sumbing sisola mintu’ pareana.

Senga’ ke inang tosenga’ tangnalambi’ tangnga’ tolino biasa, marassan tu Gonggang umpogau’ kapemalaranna ta’kala… tiombo’mi do to’ wai tu ma’rupa tau metawa mammi’ sia … tirambanmi tu Gonggang susi to nasiok kila’ nasimpolo ma’dondo male untoi limanna tinde dodo’ datu baine namale ussolanni Gonggang sule langngan Sado’ko’.

Dadi iatu diongna penaanna Gonggang direken ma’buttimo. Iate tau sola dua direken sibali sipatonangan siarapa’tongan sia sipakaboro’ lan tananan dapo’na. Susito umpabendanmi banua tu Gonggang dio Talion la’pekna buntu Sado’ko. Iate tau sola dua ma’taunmo lan tananan dapo’na natae’pa naappa’ tu disanga ma’lolotaunna. Belanna iatu kabiasanna lan Toraya ia anna tae’pa ma’lolotaunna iatu tosibali male undaka’ penaa umpalele-lele tuan rambunna lako to’ inan senga’.

Iate tosibali sola dua malemi tipalele lako Pangasan. Indeto nanii umpogau’ kapemalaran mangngando langngan Totumampana nasorongngi tu susinna :

Bolu sitammu ura’na, kalosi ponno issinna, kapu’ ma’dua lallang, manuk sukku’ maelona, manuk tangsola Sandaran. Ke’de’mito tu Gonggang namangngimbo kumua :

E… te dao Puang ri Matua
Te dao Puang Tokaubanan
Puang untorroi langi’ ma’pempitu
Puang unnisung inan makaraengna
Bossoranmi tu kale maindan-Mi
Lo’dokanmi tu lindo masokan-Mi
Mino’ko’ diong te ballaran ampa’
Unnisung diong te inan makapia-pia
E… am-Mi pangnganni te bolu sipatu ura’
nakalosi ponno issinna, sola kapu’ ma’dua lallang
Am-Mi ma’tamberak-berak
Am-Mi ma’bangkudu sadang

E… mangkato ma’pangngan
sola ma’tamberak-berak
Mibengkan tallu bulinna
Mibengkan kurrean manuk
Mibengkan pakandean bai, sola dedekan palungan
Mibengkan rendenan tedong, sininna dipelambei
Mibengkan tolo’na rongko’, ma’iringanna pamengan
Benmokan tu ma’lolotau
Kakianakan baine, kakianakan muane
angki ma’sompo ma’kepak ma’takia’ patomali ma’lullung bura-bura

E… te dao Puang ri Matua
Te dao Tokaubanan
angki matua induksola banu’ karurungan

Susimoto tae’pa nalambi’ attunna tu pa’kamasena Puang moi anna tangka’tu tu Gonggang sola Marrin di Liku tontong malaku sia mangngando.

Keallo-keallo iatu Marrin tontong tangmekata’ka’ undamai tu biasanna nadama baine, na iatu Gonggang tontong duka ullilingngi tu pangngala’ kamban inde Sado’ko’ umparessai tu olo’-olo’na iamo tu tedongna tontongbangmo memba’ka’.

Den pissan unnolami padang merrantena dio to’ biring salu disanga salu Neang tu misa’ salu ludiomai buntu Sado’ko’. Indeto inan iato unggaragami korang tu Gonggang lanani melayo na sae lako totemo ina iato mendadimo pa’uman na disanga Korang. Indeto inan iato den misa’ mata wai mapi’da (Kanan) tunanibang tedongna sae sirampun unniru’ bui kemalassui tu allo. Inan dukato den pissan napogau’i Gonggang kapemalaran disanga massambe’ tedong, iamo tu ma’kurre sumanga’ belanna tontongbang memba’ka’ tu tedongna. Lan kapemalaran iate billa’ tu dipake unnira’ duku’ manuk nasae lako totemo inan yato disanga Kanan Billa’.

Susimo disanga ulelan to … inang bida, toma’kada misa, tosenga’ garaganna, sia ganna’ tu pepasan diomai nene’ todolona inang tontongbang ia unaka’ penaa lamorai unnappa’ ma’lolotau tu laussondai undinna. Apara gai’na tu pa’barang-barangan sia eanan ke tae’i tu to laumpoapai. Susimoto kumua tae’ bangsia battuananna barang apa belanna tae’ tu puangna.

Ma’dokkomi tu Gonggang napamamma’ matanna, nama’tangnga’ kalando sia mettia’ mambela male tu penaanna susito saemo langnga langi’ ma’pempitu silindo Puang Tokaubanan. Susimiti malinguntu’ tarru’-tarru’ situru’ mallona lako Puang Totumampana namangngando kumua denno upa’…

Susimoto… lan kama’lokanna langnga Totumampana monong-monong susi den tu parenta kumua latipaleleko diomai Pangasan male lako Kappeso, iamo tu misa’ inan tae’ duka namambela diomai Korang sola Kanan Billa’. Tirambanmi tu Gonggang na ma’tangnga’ kumua iate misa’ parenta ludiomai Totumampaku denno upa’ tu inan iato narangngi Puang tu susinna mintu’ Pangngandoku sia palakungku tempon diona mai sola baine kukaboro’i Marrin di Liku.

Tipalelemi te tosibali lako Kappeso sae lako… dio to’ inan iato tontongbang napentoi kumua minda-minda tu undedek ba’ba manassa dibungkaran, naminda tu malaku situru’ kamaloloan penaa manassa ladiben.

Susimoto… dio Kappeso, iatu Gonggang sola bainena unnapparan pa’kamase ma’lolotau iamo tu pia muane sola pia baine tosenga’ tampana, tolaen garaganna. Iatu baine disanga Lola’, mendapo’ nagaragai tu banua dio Surakan, iamo to tumendadi misa’ tongkonan. Iatu pia muane disanga Pauang, mendapo’ sia umpabendan banua dio Limbong nayamo sae lako totemo disanga tongkonan layuk iamo tongkonan ada’ mala’bi’ tu untae :

  1. Tongkonan panglisuan aluk iamo tu dinai ungkombongan ada’ kabiasan lan Talion tu tipa’annan bua’ ba’tu rukun kampung iamo tu bua’ Kolean, bua’ Tarrung, bua’ Kande api, bua’ Leppan, bua’ Sarong, sola bua’ Kalembang.
  2. Tongkonan unnindo’ sumalunna lombok mentiara’na rante kalua’, iamo tu banua dinii umpogau’ kapemalaran ungkurresumanga’i tu diona : tallu bulinna, ma’lolo tau, na mellolo rangka’na sola menta’bi tarunona.

English translate

At first he was named Gonggang, but later he was known by the name Gonggang ri Sado’ko’, meaning Gonggang who lived and ruled in Sado’ko’.

At that time there were still many people who had witchcraft and magic. Just imagine, if you want young coconut water, do not bother to climb, just by simply saying, “Barakka’ doa bisa kumpayakum,” then a tall coconut tree by itself arched its trunk then people plucked it while sitting.

Although Gonggang ri Sado’ko’ is a powerful human being, he still has shortcomings because he does not have a wife as his life companion. This desire is always disturbing in his sleep, but what power does anyone have as a place to express his desires. He longed for the presence of a wife who accompanied him every day.

At one point, Gonggang ri Sado’ko’ got a hunch that in a valley in the river basin of Sa’dan there was an area called Lo’ko’ Sumbing. There lived a queen who reigned in Liku, a kingdom in the water. The queen’s title is Marrin di Liku, meaning Marrin is in power and enthroned in Liku.

Marrin di Liku is the same as Gonggang, who doesn’t have a mate yet, jokes and jokes in her life. So, Gonggang who lives on land and Marrin di Liku who lives in water, both of them will have the same fate and will die without children. Both want caresses of love from the opposite sex, however… how come…

Every afternoon, Gonggang descends from Mount Sado’ko’ to go to the Todoyang hill, a high place, which is the dividing between Mount Sado’ko’ and Liku where the Queen resides. From this hill Gonggang turned his gaze to the Liku which was far below, which was full of awesomeness with the bustling of the river Sa’dan its decoration.

Marrin di Liku who lives in Liku has an infinite wealth of antique collections in the form of golden keris, kandaure, lola’, and sa’pi’ as well as other objects whose imitations are now widely owned by the Toraja nobles.

It is said that at that time if there was someone who would hold a ceremony like ma’bua’ then the queen always lent these items. This item is sometimes borrowed for a long time because there is a strong mutual trust at that time.

However, that way, humans sometimes have bad thoughts so what they borrow wants to be their property forever. One time there was someone who did not return what he borrowed to the queen. Months and years passed but the borrower never appeared, then the queen was furious and reluctant to lend her things again. And, apparently without the borrower’s knowledge, the items will return automatically to the queen. So the queen is indeed a powerful person.

Through a hunch that always haunts him, unconsciously Gonggang has fallen in love with the beautiful queen. His mind wandered far into the blue sky, then down to the Twists where the Queen resides alone.

On the hill Todoyang every afternoon, Gonggang with his mouth muttering incantations, saying prayers in front of the Creator, so that the Queen may appear even if only for a moment, to just bidders longing for their hearts that have been carried by romance. With a burning passion, he is principled and determined, will not shift from where he sat cast his views, before his ideals are achieved.

The same thing happened to the Queen, loneliness haunted her, and through a premonition she also learned that in Mount Sado’ko’ there was a handsome virgin longing and wanted to make her his wife.

The spell that had been chanted many times by Gonggang apparently did not work, so he was restless and finally slept in his seat. In that sleep, he dreamed of hearing a faint whispering voice that the queen returned his love, and would only appear on the surface of the water when worship was held on the edge of Liku. This faint sound still hung in his ears then Gonggang gasped and woke up from his sleep. His eyes were rubbed over and over again then he glanced at Liku and then walked back to Sado’ko’ Mountain to prepare everything needed for the worship ceremony.

Circulation of the moon and stars is carefully calculated, until the day that is considered appropriate, he immediately headed to Liku in Lo’ko’ Sumbing carried all his equipment. An extraordinary thing happened and beyond human reason now, when Gonggang while carrying out his worship, appeared on the surface of the water a goddess resembles a human, smiling sweetly and. . . as fast as lightning Gonggang ambushed and immediately held the Queen’s hand and carried her and took her home to Sado’ko’. So, Gonggang’s ideals have been achieved. Live both lovingly.

With all the capabilities available to him Gonggang built a house in Talion, right on the slopes of Mount Sado’ko’. They have been there for years, but have not had children. In accordance with the custom in Toraja that if a husband and wife do not have children, they will seek their fortune elsewhere.

Both of them left the old place and then moved to Pangasan. At certain times there he held a worship ceremony to pray before the Creator by presenting among others :

Betel leaf that meets its veins, areca nut that is pithy, clean white betel lime, and flawless chicken. While standing, Gonggang said a prayer :

O Lord, in the Most High place
God exclaims all of nature
God who dwells in the seventh heaven
God who dwells in the Most High place
Please let it down
Come down with a radiant face
Come and sit on this mat
In this place provided
O Lord, eat the betel with boned leaves
Betel nut is full of contents, with beautiful whitened limestone
So that the lips and mouth become red

Yes, if God has eaten betel
If the lips and mouth have turned redGive abundant harvests
Give the chicken breed a breed
Give the pig breed a breed
Give breed buffaloes to breed
Give everything you want
Give it the highlight of everything

Give the child, please
Give the sons and daughters
So that it becomes a big family

O Lord, in the Most High place
O Lord, exclaim all the nature
May we live long
Long live in this place.

However, that is how the Creator has not been pleased, repeated efforts and prayers from Gonggang and Marrin have not yet been answered.

Throughout the day Marrin fulfilled his duties as a wife, while Gonggang routinely circled the vast forest at the foot of Mount Sado’ko’ to control his buffalo that was proliferating.

At one point he arrived at a rather flat place on the edge of the river Neang, a river that originated from Mount Sado’ko’. For just a place to rest, Gonggang made a “korang” (high hut) in that place, which until now the flat land had been made into a rice field called Korang. Near Korang on the edge of the river Neang, there is a salty spring (Kanan), a gathering place for the Gonggang buffalo during the hot sun while drinking as much as possible.

At this place Gonggang held a “massambe’ tedong” ceremony (thanksgiving ceremony because the buffalo had proliferated) using “billa’ ” (slaughter) to slice chicken meat as offerings, and until now the place is called Kanan Billa’.

That’s the story … a powerful ruler, has a legacy of ancestral messages, but he still tries to get a child as a successor generation. Whatever it means to have hundreds of buffalo, if no one will inherit it, it will be useless. While seated, Gonggang closed his eyes, his mind soaring high into the sky, finally he seemed to be in the seventh heaven, on the court of the Creator’s throne.

He prostrated with all his surrender in the hope that his goals will be achieved. In his surrender to the Creator, Gonggang felt as if there was an order to move his house from Pangasan to Kapesso’, a place not far from Korang and Kanan Billa’. Gonggang realized that this was an order from the Creator, and who knows that in this new place a prayer that he had always longed for with his wife Marrin di Liku was granted.

Move Gonggang with his wife to Kapesso’, and in this new place, he still holds the principle that whoever knocks at the door will surely be opened, whoever begs with all sincerity will surely come true. And sure enough … at Kapesso’, Gonggang and his wife got the gift of a beautiful and handsome son and daughter.

His daughter, Lola’, married and made a house in Surakan, which until now has become a “Tongkonan” house. His son, named Pauang, married and built a house in Limbong not far from Kapesso’, which until now is a “Tongkonan Layuk”, a traditional house with a high status with functions including :

  1. Tongkonan panglisuan aluk, which is a place to deliberate and decide on customary laws that apply in Talion Village today, which includes six Bua’ (villages), namely: Bua’ Kolean, Bua’ Tarrung, Bua’ Kandeapi, Bua’ Leppan, bua’ Sarong, and bua’ Kalembang.
  2. Tongkonan unnindo’ sumalunna lombok, mentiara’na rante kalua’ (indo’ Lembang), a house where all kinds of thanksgiving ceremonies are performed including ceremonies which include : tallu bulinna, ma’lolo tau, mellolo rangka’na, and menta’bi tarunona.

Reference : Bibliography 031

Related post :   The origin of the name "Tondok lepongan bulan, tana matari' allo"

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!