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Bori’ Kalimbuang | Megalithic site & cultural preservation

Bori’ Kalimbuang is located in the village of Bori’, Sesean sub-district which is ±8 km from the city of Rantepao.

Bori’ Kalimbuang is a cultural preservation where the main attraction is the hundreds of menhirs who stand firmly towering in a rante (a place for rituals for rambu solo’). There are 102 menhirs of varying sizes, namely 24 large sized, 24 medium sized and 54 small sized ones. Despite their different sizes, all of these stone monuments have the same custom value. The difference in size is caused by the situation and conditions at the time it was made.

Menhir in Bori’ Kalimbuang

Menhir or in the Toraja language called simbuang batu will be established if a community leader or aristocrat dies and the funeral ceremony is carried out in the traditional rituals of rapasan sapu randanan (the highest level in the rambu solo’ ceremony).

The following is a chronology of the establishment of the menhir in Bori’ Kalimbuang :

  • In 1657, the rante Kalimbuang began to be used at the funeral of Ne’ Ramba’. At the funeral, 100 buffaloes were sacrificed and 2 menhirs were erected.
  • In 1807, at the funeral of Tonapa Ne’ Padda’, 200 buffaloes were sacrificed and 5 menhirs were erected.
  • At the funeral of Ne’ Lunde’, 100 buffaloes were sacrificed and 3 menhirs were erected.
  • Since 1907, many menhirs have been established in various sizes.
  • In 1935, at the funeral of Lai’ Datu (Ne’ Kase’) the biggest and highest menhir was established.
  • In 1962, at the funeral of Sa’pang (Ne’ Lai’) the last menhir was established.

There used to be tau-tau (statues) here, but they were stolen when restoration was held in 1992. Still in the same complex there are stone graves, baby graves on trees (passilliran) and traditional houses.

Liang paa’ 

To the north of the menhir is a large rock that has dozens of chiseled holes which are old burials. This stone tomb is still used today with a new carving hole.

Not far from the location there is a passilliran (baby’s grave) on a large tree that grows towering.

baby grave in Bori’ Kalimbuang

Menhirs, rante and chiseled graves (liang paa’) are part of the traditional Toraja settlement. The center of traditional settlement is tongkonan (traditional house). Around the Menhir area there are several tongkonan complexes, namely:

  • Tongkonan Buntu Toding,
  • Tongkonan Tokeran Gandang,
  • Tongkonan Ne’ Mambela,
  • Tongkonan Lolokbatu,
  • Tongkonan Lumika’,
  • Tongkonan Ne’ Lame,
  • Tongkonan Papa Kayu and
  • Tongkonan Potoksia

The Bori’ Kalimbuang attraction is managed by the Kalimbuang Bori’ Foundation.

Reference : Bibliography 077,  

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